Max Ernst in Germany
Artistic Beginnings and Dada in Cologne 1891
Max Ernst is born on April 2 in Brühl, near Cologne, as the son of the deaf-mute teacher and amateur painter Philipp Ernst and his wife Luise, née Kopp.
Schooling in Brühl.
Studies classical philosophy, psychology, psychiatry, and art history at Bonn University.
Meets August Macke and joins the Junges Rheinland circle.
Max Ernst writes art and theatre reviews for the Volksmund in Bonn and decides to become a painter.
Max Ernst exhibits with the Rhenish Expressionists. Five-week stay in Paris. Meets Guillaume Apollinaire and Robert Delaunay at August Macke’s home.
Start of the friendship with Hans Arp.
Max Ernst is called up as an artillerist shortly after the outbreak of World War I.
Meets George Grosz and Wieland Herzfelde on the occasion of an exhibition at the gallery Der Sturm during a brief vacation in Berlin.
The journal Der Sturm publishes Max Ernst’s essay “Vom Werden der Farbe.”
Returns to Cologne. Marries the art historian Luise Straus.
Visits Paul Klee in Munich and sees reproductions of Giorgio de Chirico’s works in the art magazine Valori plastici. The portfolio of lithographs Fiat modes pereat ars is published. Founds the Cologne Dada group together with Hans Arp and Johannes Theodor Baargeld. First Dada exhibition in Cologne. Produces his first collages.
Birth of his son, Hans-Ulrich, known as Jimmy. Max Ernst and Johannes Theodor jointly publish die schammade. Second and final Dada exhibition in Cologne.
Exhibition of collages in Paris upon the invitation of André Breton. Max Ernst vacations with Hans Arp, Sophie Taeuber, Tristan Tzara, and André Breton in Tarrenz (Tyrol). Meets Paul and Gala Éluard in Cologne. Der Elefant von Celebes.