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1953-1976
Max Ernst in Europe
Coming Home and Late Recognition

1953

Dorothea Tanning and Max Ernst return to Europe for good and move to Paris. Works in the Impasse Ronsin (XVth Arrondissement) next to Constantin Brancusi’s studio. Travels in the fall to Heidelberg and Cologne. Vater Rhein, Le printemps à Paris.

1954

Max Ernst receives the Grand Prize for painting at the 27th Venice Biennale, Hans Arp for sculpture, and Joan Miró for printmaking. Max Ernst is again excluded from the Surrealist group by André Breton.

1955

Max Ernst moves with Dorothea Tanning to Huismes near Chinon in the Vienne River valley. Rock’n’ Ruin.

1956

Max Ernst is made a member of the Akademie der Künste in Berlin. Retrospective at the Kunsthalle Bern. Brings back Un peu de calme from his house in Saint-Martin-d’Ardèche and reworks its. Spends the winter with Dorothea Tanning in Sedona. A Maiden, a Widow and a Wife.

1957

Max Ernst receives the Grand Prize for Painting from the West German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. Les princes dorment mal.

1958

Max Ernst becomes a French citizen. The first comprehensive monograph by Patrick Waldberg is published. 33 fillettes chassant les papillons, Les corbeaux de bonne humeur.

1959

Large retrospective at the Musée National d’Art Moderne in Paris.

1960

Travels through Germany with Patrick Waldberg.

1961

Max Ernst receives the Stefan Lochner Medallion from the city of Cologne on the occasion of his 70th birthday. Designs the stage settings for Jean-Louis Barrault’s production of Judith at the Théâtre de l’Odéon, Paris. The costumes are made after designs by Dorothea Tanning. Visits the United States on the occasion of the retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. The exhibition is subsequently shown in Chicago (The Art Institute) and London (Tate Gallery).

1962

Spends the early part of the year in New York and travels to Greece in the summer. Retrospective at the Wallraf Richartz Museum in Cologne. The exhibition is later shown at the Kunsthaus in Zurich. Ci meurent les cardinaux.

1963

Spends the spring in Sedona. Peter Schamoni makes the film Entdeckungsfahrten ins Unbewußte about Max Ernst. Death of Tristan Tzara.

1964

Max Ernst and Dorothea Tanning settle in Seillans in the South of France. Awarded the Lichtwark Prize by the city of Hamburg. Made an honorary professor of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. Publication of the book Maximiliana ou l’exercise illégal de l’astronomei, Le ciel épouse la terre.

1965

Peter Schamoni makes the film Mein Vagabundieren—meine Unruhe on the life of Max Ernst.

1966

Conferred with the Officer of the Legion of Honor. Exhibitions at the Jewish Museum in New York and the Palazzo Grassi in Venice. Max Ernst rejects the freedom of the city of Brühl. John Russell’s monograph Max Ernst: Life and Work is published.

1968

The construction of a new house in Seillans is started according to the plans made by Max Ernst and Dorothea Tanning. Max Ernst designs the stage settings of La Turangalîla at the Opéra National de Paris. Dedication of the fountain at Amboise. Le silence à travers les âges, Octobre.

1969

Visits Stuttgart and Tübingen. Retrospective at the Moderna Museet in Stockholm. Naissance d’une galaxie, Tangled Lightning.

1970

Exhibition at the Stedelijk Museum in Amsterdam, then at the Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart. Lewis Carrolls Wunderhorn is published with lithographs by Max Ernst. Gallimard publishes Écritures (writings from 1919 to 1969).

1971

Touring exhibition Das Innere Gesicht with works by Max Ernst from the collection of Jean and Dominique de Menil through France, Germany, and the United States. Travels to Düsseldorf in May for the dedication of the Habakuk statue and the fountain at Brühl with a subsequent ceremony celebrating his 80th birthday.

1972

Conferred with an honorary doctorate by the University of Bonn. Max Ernst illustrates and translates texts by Heinrich von Kleist, Clemens Brentano, and Achim von Arnim into French.

1973

Travels to Houston in February for the exhibition Inside the Sight.

1974

Max Ernst suffers a stroke.

1975

Travels to New York on the occasion on the large retrospective at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum which is subsequently shown in an enlarged form at the Grand Palais in Paris. The first two volumes of the catalogue raisonné (Spies/Leppien, Das graphische Werk, and Spies/Metken, Werke 1906–1925) are published in Cologne.

1976

Max Ernst dies in Paris on April 1 in the night before his 85th birthday and was buried at Père-Lachaise Cemetery.