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1941-1953
Max Ernst in America
The Years in Exile


1941

Flees via Portugal to the United States, arriving in New York on July 14. Sees Leonora Carrington and André Breton again. Travels with Peggy Guggenheim through the United States (California, Arizona, New Mexico, New Orleans). Marries Peggy Guggenheim in December. Continues working on the decalcomania technique. Napoleon in the Wilderness, Convolvulus! Convolvulus!, L’Antipape.

1942

View devotes a special issue to Max Ernst. Exhibitions in New York, Chicago, and New Orleans. Edits VVV together with André Breton and Marcel Duchamp; four issues are published until 1944. Participation in the First Papers of Surrealism exhibition in New York organized by Breton and staged by Duchamp. Meets the painter Dorothea Tanning. Develops the oscillation technique. La planète affolée, Jeune homme intrigué par le vol d’une mouche non-euclidienne.

1943

Max Ernst divorces Peggy Guggenheim and spends the summer in the Arizona mountains with Dorothea Tanning. Painting for Young People, L’ oeil du silence.

1944

Max Ernst spends the summer with Dorothea Tanning and Julien Levy in Great River, Long Island, New York. He works on a new series of sculptures there.

1945

Summer vacation with Dorothea Tanning in Amagansett, Long Island. Max Ernst writes a screenplay for Hans Richter’s film Dreams That Money Can Buy in which he also plays a role.

1946

Max Ernst’s painting The Temptation of St. Anthony wins the competition in conjunction with Albert Lewin’s film The Private Affairs of Bel Ami. Max Ernst settles in Sedona, Arizona with Dorothea Tanning. Builds and decorates the house himself. Visits from Roland and Lee Miller Penrose in Sedona. Marries Dorothea Tanning. Dream and Revolution.

1947

Starts working on the cement sculpture Capricorne and fashions numerous reliefs. Le surréalisme en 1947. Exposition internationale du surréalisme, the final important exhibition of the group at the Galerie Maeght in Paris; 87 artists from 24 countries participate. Geburt der Komödie.

1948

Max Ernst becomes a citizen of the United States. Robert Motherwell publishes Max Ernst—Beyond Painting and Other Paintings by the Artist and His Friends. Le régal des dieux, Chemical Nuptials.
1949

Marcel Duchamp visits in Sedona.

1950

Trip to Europe, works in Paris. Dorothea Tanning and Max Ernst return to Sedona in October. Colline inspiré.

1951

First German retrospective in Brühl on the occasion of his sixtieth birthday.

1952

Yves Tanguy visits Sedona. During the summer, Max Ernst holds guest lectures on modern art at the University of Hawaii in Honolulu. Humboldt Current.